most important sections of the Indian Penal Code [IPC]

Important Sections of IPC

Important Sections of IPC

Section 1 – Title and extent of operation of the Code. Section 2 – Punishment of offences committed within India. Section 3 – Punishment of offences committed beyond but which by law may be tried within India. Section 4 – Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences. Section 8 – Gender. Section 11 – Person.


Section 19 to 26 – “Judge”, “Court of Justice”, “Public Servant”, “Movable property”, “Wrongful gain”, “Wrongful loss”, “Gaining wrongfully, losing wrongfully”, “Dishonestly”, “Fraudulently”, “Reason to believe”. Section 34 – Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention. Section 35 – When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention. Section 36 – Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission. Section 37 – Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence. Section 38 – Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences. Section 39 – “Voluntarily”. Section 40 – “Offence”.

Section 52 – “Good faith”. Section 52A – “Harbour”. Section 53 – Punishment. Section 73 – Solitary confinement. Section 74 – Limit of solitary confinement.

Section 76 to 106 – CHAPTER IV (76-106) – General Exceptions Section 107 to 120 – CHAPTER V (107-120) – Abetment Section 120A – Definition of criminal conspiracy. Section 120B – Punishment of criminal conspiracy. Section 121 – Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India. Section 124A – Sedition.

Section 141 – Unlawful assembly. Section 142 – Being member of unlawful assembly. Section 143 – Punishment. Section 144 – Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon. Section 145 – Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse.

Section 146 – Rioting. Section 147 – Punishment for rioting. Section 148 – Rioting, armed with deadly weapon. Section 149 – Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object. Section 159 – Affray. (6 Differences between Rioting and Affray)

Section 179 – Refusing to answer public servant authorised to question. Section 182 – False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person. Section 191 – Giving false evidence.

Section 268 – Public nuisance. Section 292 – Sale, etc, of obscene books, etc. Section 293 – Sale, etc, of obscene objects to young person. Section 294 – Obscene acts and songs. Section 295 – Injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the religion of any class. Section 295A – Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs. Section 296 – Disturbing religious assembly.

Section 299 – Culpable homicide to Section 309 – Attempt to commit suicide. Section 319 – Hurt to Section 338 – Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others. Section 339 – Wrongful restraint. Section 340 – Wrongful confinement. Section 349 – Force. Section 350 – Criminal force. Section 351 – Assault.

Section 354 – Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty. Section 354A – Sexual harassment and punishment for sexual harassment. Section 354B – Assault or use of criminal force to woman with intent to disrobe. Section 354C – Voyeurism. Section 354D – Stalking.

Section 359 – Kidnapping. Section 360 – Kidnapping from India. Section 361 – Kidnapping from lawful guardianship. Section 362 – Abduction.

Section 375 – Rape. Section 376 – Punishment for rape. Section 376D – Gang rape. Section 376DA – Punishment for gang rape on woman under sixteen years of age. Section 376DB – Punishment for gang rape on woman under twelve years of age. Section 376E – Punishment for repeat offenders. Section 377 – Unnatural offences.

Section 378 – Theft. Section 383 – Extortion. Section 390 – Robbery. Section 391 – Dacoity. Section 396 – Dacoity with murder. Section 399 – Making preparation to commit dacoity.

Section 403 – Dishonest misappropriation of property. Section 405 – Criminal breach of trust. Section 410 – Stolen Property. Section 413 – Habitually dealing in stolen property. Section 414 – Assisting in concealment of stolen property. Section 415 – Cheating. Section 420 – Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property. Section 425 – Mischief.

Section 441 – Criminal Trespass to Section 446 – House-breaking by night. Section 493 – Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage. Section 494 – Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife. Section 495 – Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted. Section 496 – Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage. Section 497 – Adultery. Section 498 – Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman. Section 498A – Cruelty by husband or relatives of husband.

Section 499 – Defamation. Section 503 – Criminal intimidation. Section 506 – Punishment for criminal intimidation. Section 509 – Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman. Section 511 – Attempts to commit offences.

These were the most important sections of the Indian Penal Code.

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